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About Egypt

Egypt is the heart of Africa.

Egypt has been since a long time the gateway of the African continent and the beacon of civilization and science. The Pyramids were a symbol of the Pharaonic civilization, while the Sphinx was a symbol of the guard and the protector in the Pharaonic civilization. Egypt has one of the oldest civilizations of the world which can be traced back to 5000 BC. Also known as the gift of the Nile, Egypt became an independent monarchy in 1922 and a republic in 1953.

Population: 100,710,246 (2019)
Capital: Cairo
Demonym: Egyptian
Religion: Islam & Christianity
Languages: Arabic & English
Area: 1 million
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) : 250.90 billion US dollars (2018)
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)
Time zone: EET (UTC/GMT+2 )
Drives on the: right
Calling code: +20
Internet TLD: .eg, مصر.


Located in North Africa, Egypt is one of the most recognizable countries of the world. It is a transcontinental country and is connected to Southwest Asia by the Sinai Peninsula. A major power of Africa, Egypt is highly regarded in the Mediterranean Basin, Muslim world and the Middle East.

Egypt is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea on its north, Sudan in the south, Libya in the west and the Red Sea in the east.

It is one of the most densely populated countries in Middle East and Africa. The majority of Egypt’s population is located near the Nile River.

The area around the Sahara Desert is sparsely populated. Fifty percent of the population stays in the urban centers with the majority living in and around Greater Cairo, Alexandria and other areas located near the Nile Delta.



Arabic is Egypt's official language. However, most Egyptians understand and speak English and French. In larger towns, the foreign visitors will encounter no difficulty in communicating with the people.



Approximately 90 percent of the population are officially  Muslims and  10 percent are recognized as Christians. In most cities in Egypt, mosques and churches can be found next to each other.


Currency and Foreign Exchange:

The basic unit of currency is the Egyptian pound divided into 100 piasters.



5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 (Egyptian pounds). Silver coins: 25, 50 piasters, 1 pound.


Exchange rates:

Fluctuating exchange rate stands now approximately at
1 $ US =16.07 EGP   1 EUR =17.87 EGP    1 Livre Sterling =20.68 EGP


Power supply in Egypt is 220 volt. If you are bringing in electronics you will need a 110/220 adaptor as well as a European style (two round) converter.


Business Hours:

Banks and Government Offices: 8:30 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. daily, closed Friday, Saturday, and holidays. Business: 8 a.m. to 4-5 p.m., closed Friday, some on Saturday, and most holidays. Many grocery stores and gas stations are open 24-hours a day, 7 days a week. .Shops: 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. in winter and 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. in summer. Many shops are closed on Sunday.



The climate of Egypt is characterized by a hot season from May to October and a cool season from November to March. However, the northern winds are a welcome respite and do a good job of keeping the temperatures slightly moderate. In the coastal regions, average annual temperatures vary from a maximum of 37° C to a minimum of 14° C. The most humid area is along the Mediterranean coast, where the average annual rainfall is about 200 mm. Rainfall decreases rapidly towards the south; Cairo receives on average only 25 mm of rain a year, and in many desert locations it may rain only once in several years.


Some Tourist Sites in Egypt:

Cairo Nile

The Industrial Renaissance   Bibliotheca Alexandrina
    A commemoration of the ancient library of Alexandria.

                                                                                                                   The Suez Canal



The Suez Canal ( In Arabic: Qanat as-Suways ), is an artificial sea-level waterway running north to south to connect the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The canal separates the African continent from Asia, and it provides the shortest maritime route between Europe and the lands lying around the Indian and western Pacific oceans. It is one of the world's most heavily used shipping lanes. The Suez Canal is one of the most important waterways in the world.

The canal is extensively used by modern ships , as it is the fastest crossing from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean . Tolls paid by the vessels represent an important source of income for the Egyptian government.


The Hanging Church of Cairo:





One of the oldest and most famous Coptic churches in Egypt dating from the fourth century, it was dedicated to the Virgin.












Shopping in Egypt


Khân el Khalili:

The Souks, or the local markets, and the larger bazaars are among the most remarkable attractions of Egypt; it is the Khan El Khalili Market in the Hussein District in Cairo. This 500 years old maze of streets, lanes, stores, and shops occupies the center of Islamic Cairo and forming one of the most famous touristic markets in the world.







City Stars

Cairo's largest mall located in Masr el Gedida and it offers a wide range of shopping options. City Stars is westernized in feel but the shops mix local with international fashion. Spinney's is, a large Middle-Eastern chain where you can buy everything from electronics to food opened also in city stars. It also has a food court including international food chains



Mall of Arabia

Located in 6th of October city Mall of Arabia has major department stores and a strong retail mix of shops offering an excellent collection of fashion, home wares, leisure, services, entertainment and food.



Cairo Nile City Towers

Located at Corniche El Nile the Nile City Towers, Egypt is one of the most prestigious malls in the Egyptian capital next to the Nile . It also host a hotel, banks, food court, residential accommodation and a shopping mall.



Cairo Festival City Mall

Cairo Festival City Mall contains three primary districts which are fashion, lifestyle and entertainment. Dramatic plazas and courts provide gateways between the free flowing passages, promenades and anchor tenants. Cairo Festival City Mall comprises international stores including IKEA, White House and Marks & Spencer, other shops and services including restaurants, cafés, Carrefour Hypermarket , and screen cinema complex.








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